How to create and use templatesΒΆ

Templates can save you precious time!

Set up a jail any way you like, and create a template from it. All packages and pre-configured settings will be available for deployment next time within seconds.

Any jail can be converted to a template and back to a jail again as required. In fact a template is just another jail which has the property template set to “yes”. The difference is that templates are not started by iocage.

Here is how to create a template with iocage:

  1. Create a new jail iocage create tag=mytemplate
  2. Configure the jail’s networking
  3. Install any package you like and customize jail
  4. Once finished with customization stop the jail iocage stop UUID | TAG
  5. A good idea is set some notes iocage set notes="customized PHP,nginx jail" UUID | TAG
  6. Turn the template property on iocage set template=yes UUID | TAG
  7. List your template with iocage list -t

Here is how to use the created template:

To create a new jail from this template simply clone it!

  1. iocage clone UUID-of-mytemplate tag=mynewjail
  2. List new jail iocage list
  3. Start jail iocage start UUID | TAG

Done!

If you need to make further customization in the template or want to patch it, you have two options.

  • convert template back to jail with iocage set template=no UUID-of-template, and start the jail
  • if you don’t need network access to make the changes simply run iocage chroot UUID-of-template, make the changes and exit